The rich and often tragic history of Black and Latino Americans has long been ignored.
In Black Chronicle and La Cronica historians and educators use a newspaper format to tell of their contributions and struggles.

Texas Salt Wars; New Mexico Corruption 
1877, Issue 4

The 1870s were marked by many confrontations and incidents of violence as Mexican Americans attempted to avoid total economic and political subjugation. The invention of barbed wire and the arrival of railroads both had major significance in the lives of Mexican Americans. Barbed wire, a major factor in “taming the Southwest, seriously jeopardized land held in common and was the direct cause of many confrontations between Mexican Americans and Anglos. The railroad, which became the nation’s biggest business, put many people out of the freight and related businesses and displaced many from their homes. The “iron horse” began shipping cattle to eastern markets, thus ending the days of long cattle drives. It also opened the West and the Southwest to immigration. Easterners came seeking a more healthful environment; many more came looking for farm land, ranch land and land for speculation. The situation for Mexican Americans had become precarious.

Topics in this issue:
  • Railroads open the Southwest
  • Thomas Catron and New Mexico corruption
  • Charles Howard, Louis Cardis and the Texas Salt Wars
  • Spanish threatened in Los Angeles
  • Outlaw Tiburcio Vasquez
  • Troubles in Colorado

La Cronica

Issue 4