The rich and often tragic history of Black and Latino Americans has long been ignored.
In Black Chronicle and La Cronica historians and educators use a newspaper format to tell of their contributions and struggles.

U.S.- Mexican War; Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 
1848, Issue 2

The Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo was signed in February 1848, ten months after the close of the Mexican American War. In the treaty, the United States, in exchange for $15 million, annexed nearly one-third of Mexican territory, encompassing what now includes the states of California, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, most of Arizona and half of Colorado. The U.S. takeover represented a climax to the westward expansion which had begun as early as 1803 with the Louisiana Purchase. The immense, rich territory included an estimated at 70,000 Mexicans and approximately 180,000 Native Americans. Although the Californios and New Mexicans remained in their traditional geographic and cultural settings, they were soon to be exposed to unfamiliar legal, political and social institutions, conducted in English, a foreign language. Twelve years earlier, in Texas, a force of Anglo settlers and Texas Mexicans had defeated General Santa Anna and his army at San Jacinto. The Texans, the majority of whom were Anglo Mexicans, voted to become part of the U.S. Topics in this issue:
  • Rights under Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty
  • Juan Seguin Returns
  • Gold discovered in West
  • Indian nations
  • Mexican rights under treaty
  • Santa Fe Expedition
  • California battles
  • New Mexico Revolt

La Cronica

Issue 2