The rich and often tragic history of Black and Latino Americans has long been ignored.
In Black Chronicle and La Cronica historians and educators use a newspaper format to tell of their contributions and struggles.

Harlem Riot, Blacks in the Depression 
1936, Issue 12

Black people in the Depression faced deep economic struggles. Extreme poverty was exacerbated by job and housing discrimination, making daily living difficult whether in the cities or the rural South. After the Harlem Riot of 1935, a report commissioned by Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia, put a spotlight on a seriously neglected black community. While many of Roosevelt’s New Deal programs never reached the average Negro, he conferred regularly with a group of black advisors, known as “the Black Cabinet,” led by Mary McLeod Bethune. On the grass roots level, especially in New York, Negroes were becoming aware that they possessed power and were able to use it to create change. The “Don’t Buy Where You Can’t Work,” campaign, which spread from Chicago across the nation, opened many jobs to blacks.. Meanwhile, local leaders were achieving prominence. Perhaps best known was Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. Other notable figures included Col. John Robinson (the “Brown Condor”), Father Divine, and Paul Robeson.

Topics in this Issue
  • Black people in the Depression
  • Harlem Riot of 1935
  • Mayor LaGuardia’s Riot Report
  • NAACP and lynching
  • Father Divine, Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., Jesse Owens
  • Scottsboro Boys
  • Works Progress Administration and blacks

Black Chronicle

Issue 12

Harlem Riot of 1935