The rich and often tragic history of Black and Latino Americans has long been ignored.
In Black Chronicle and La Cronica historians and educators use a newspaper format to tell of their contributions and struggles.

Black Troops Return from Europe; Unrest in U.S.
1919, Issue 10

Mobilization for World War I encouraged in another great migration of black people to the industrial North. Additionally, three hundred sixty seven thousand black men were accepted to serve in the armed forces. As a result of their participation, black people felt a new sense of pride in their role as Americans. However, upon their return, black soldiers found a nation filled with fears and frustrations. The new League of Nations raised concerns about involvement in international affairs. The “Red Scare” of 1919 targeted communists. To make matters worse, an economic downturn narrowed the job market. In the summer of 1919, the “Red Summer,” the nation exploded in violent race riots. Twenty-six major race riots raged throughout the nation. For the first time, however, blacks fought back against their attackers.

Topics in this Issue
  • Black Soldiers return from WWI
  • The “Red Summer,” of 1919
  • NAACP Secretary beaten
  • Fight against lynching
  • “Red Caps” form union
  • Negro migration to northern industrial centers
  • William Monroe Trotter and Woodrow Wilson

Black Chronicle

Issue 10

The “Red Summer,” of 1919