The rich and often tragic history of Black and Latino Americans has long been ignored.
In Black Chronicle and La Cronica historians and educators use a newspaper format to tell of their contributions and struggles.

Plessy vs. Ferguson and Jim Crow 
1896, Issue 8

The Supreme Court’s Plessy vs. Ferguson decision, in 1896, insured race separation by establishing the doctrine of “separate but equal” (which would remain in effect until 1954). The case is often compared to the Dred Scott decision because of its devastating effect on Negroes in America. After Plessy, “Jim Crow” laws were written in abundance in every Southern state. With the return of white rule and terror in the South after Reconstruction, mass migrations took many thousands of black people North and especially to the Midwest. In his Tuskeegee Institute, Booker T. Washington stressed vocational education and economic advancement over political, civil and social gains.

Topics in this Issue
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson, 1896
  • The Tuskeegee Institute
  • The Supreme Court and race separation
  • Black migration
  • Negro inventors
  • Convict lease system
  • Black labor abandoned
  • Black women reporters

Black Chronicle

Issue 8

Plessy vs. Ferguson, 1896