The rich and often tragic history of Black and Latino Americans has long been ignored.
In Black Chronicle and La Cronica historians and educators use a newspaper format to tell of their contributions and struggles.

Black Struggle for Participation in War 
1862, Issue 5

It was the early years of the Civil War. The major difference of opinion had to do with why the war was being fought. The Lincoln Administration had officially declared that the Union would not interfere with slavery, that the war was being waged only to preserve the Union. Black people were enraged at this short-sighted view. Furthermore, they had a deep desire to actively participate in the war, as they felt their destiny and the destiny of the Union were intermingled. One of the great events was the capture in Charleston, S.C., by Robert Smalls, a slave, of a Confederate gunboat, which he delivered to the Union Navy. Nevertheless, Congress and the President refused offers of back regiments, and only reversed that stand in 1863.

Topics in this Issue:
  • Robert Smalls steals Confederate gunboat
  • Washington DC slaves freed
  • Blacks fight to fight in Civil War
  • Education of freed blacks
  • Border states in the Civil War
  • Lincoln’s colonization plan
  • Pennsylvania blacks struggle to ride rail cars
  • Generals Henry Halleck and John C. Fremont

Black Chronicle

Issue 5

Washington DC slaves freed