The rich and often tragic history of Black and Latino Americans has long been ignored.
In Black Chronicle and La Cronica historians and educators use a newspaper format to tell of their contributions and struggles.

Ferment in the 1850's 
1857, Issue 4

The 1850s were times of great optimism and deep despair for the blacks of America. Southern slave escapes were at an all time high, and the abolitionist movement was gaining strength. Black leaders were emerging, although not always in agreement on the most appropriate manner of furthering their cause. The Dred Scott decision was of tremendous importance, as it nullified by the Missouri Compromise and the Northwest Ordinance. No longer were any states free. No black was a citizen. No black was safe. No black had any rights “a white man was bound to respect.” The decision sharply divided the country. Although it was seen as a victory for the South, the North was determined to have it reversed. And so, the nation began to divide and choose sides.

Topics in this Issue:
  • Dred Scott decision, 1857
  • Anti-slavery activity among free blacks
  • Bloody Kansas
  • Slave escapes, underground railroad
  • Victor Hugo and slavery
  • Toussaint L’Ouverture

Black Chronicle

Issue 4

Ferment in the 1850s