The rich and often tragic history of Black and Latino Americans has long been ignored.
In Black Chronicle and La Cronica historians and educators use a newspaper format to tell of their contributions and struggles.

Post War Conservatism 
1794, Issue 2

After the Revolution, for most Americans, political and economic considerations overrode moral ones. At the same time, disputes over slavery raged among such luminaries as Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin, as well as black spokesmen like Benjamin Banneker. Also, religious organizations, particularly Quakers and Methodists, spoke out against slavery and the slave trade and assisted free backs in obtaining jobs and education. Although slavery had been in decline, the demand for slaves increased after Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793 and the South made a transition from tobacco to cotton. Industrialized England was eager for all the cotton it could get. Resistance to abolishing slavery grew. The Three-Fifths Compromise in the Constitution stated that a slave was to be counted as three-fifths of a free person. Following this tacit recognition of the slave as property came the passage of the Fugitive Slave Law in 1793, stating that a slaveholder could seize a slave wherever he found him. A judge would order the Negro's removal solely on the basis of the slaveholder's claim.

Topics in this Issue:
  • Fugitive slave act
  • Anti-slavery activity
  • Origins of the Black Church
  • Thomas Jefferson and slaves
  • Benjamin Franklin on Slavery
  • Benjamin Banneker calls for Department of Peace
 

Black Chronicle

 1794
Issue 2

Fugitive slave act